Featured post

Take a Quick Quiz


Monday, 5 December 2016

Terminal Ileitis : Crohn's disease is not always the diagnosis

  • Terminal ileum may be inflamed in patients with ulcerative colitis (backwash ileitis)


  • Tuberculous ileitis : the ileum is the most commonly affected site part of the small bowel in abdominal tuberculosis.
  • Yersinia enterocolitica ileitis
  • Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex infection : ileitis in patients with advanced stages of HIV infection
  • Lymphoid hyperplasia : benign reactive process. Focal lymphoid hyperplasia of the terminal ileum may rarely cause terminal ileitis
  • Small bowel lymphoma
  • Carcinoid tumors 
  • NSAID enteropathy is usually asymptomatic, although some patients present with iron deficiency anemia, perforation or strictures
  • Isolated terminal ileum ulcerations

Terminal ileitis may also occur in association with these conditions:

  • Collagenous and lymphocytic colitis
  • Henoch-Schönlein purpura       
  • Eosinophilic gastroenteritis 
  • Systemic mastocytosis
  • Sarcoidosis 
  • Endometriosis

No comments:

Post a Comment